The Past Perfect Progressive
We use the past perfect progressive (continuous) tense to describe something that was happening or in
progress before something else happened or vice-versa.
In the above examples one action was taking place and something else happened before.
- She had been crying because she was in an accident.
- The baseball game was cancelled because it had been raining.
- Fred went to the hospital because of his continuous action of drinking.
- The streets are slippery now because it was snowing for several hours.
- I was tired because I had been driving all day.
The structure for the past perfect continuous is as follows:
Notice the difference between “present perfect progressive” and the “past perfect progressive”.
Present Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect Progressive
Notice that in the examples of the present perfect progressive the actions started in the past and are still taking place now. In the examples of the past perfect progressive the action started in the past and is no longer continuing.