Unusual Adjectives 1


In English like in many other languages around the world we have informal words that we like to use in place of formal ones. You might express yourself with informal language as a means of fitting in with your crowd. Loving mothers and fathers generally speak informally in order to teach their children in a tender way. When children do things that drive their parents crazy the children are naughty. If a baby or child cries a lot or is in a bad mood, he or she is cranky. When kids taste something delicious, they say it is yummy, and if it tastes bad, they say it is yucky. If food has a lot of salt in it, they say that it is salty, but if it has a lot of sugar, they say it is sweet.

When a child does not want to eat or likes eating only certain foods parents say this child is picky or fussy, but these words can also be used to describe a person that is very particular in his or her taste. When kids refer to their pets they use doggy for a small dog, kitty for a cat and, if the pet is a little rabbit, they would call it a bunny. Kids have especial names for parents too: mommy and daddy for mother and father. Female friends very often call one another darling or honey. These words can also be used at home when husbands talk to their wives, and husbands and wives might be hubby or wifey.

There are informal words for a person’s physical appearance like: skinny for thin, or fatty for little overweight. If a person is slightly fat, but not terrible obese, the word chubby is used. When we see someone with long legs, we will call them leggy. Chunky would describe short and robust person. Freaky or creepy would be used for someone who looks like something out of a horror movie.

For someone with behavior that is prompt to sudden changes, moody is the right word. If you have a lot of hair on your body people may say you are hairy, but if the hair on your body is as thick as your dog’s, people might call you furry. If you do not care about the way you look, or you are careless about your work, people may say that you are sloppy, but if you like to wear expensive clothes, and look business like, they would call you fancy. The word fancy can also be used to describe places like: restaurants, houses and offices, when they are expensive. If you want to say that a place looks disorganized, messy would be a good word to use.

Vocabulary and Expressions

Naughty = one that behaves disobediently or mischievously.
Cranky = somebody who has a bad disposition; peevish.
Yummy = very pleasant to the taste or smell; delicious.
Yucky = repugnant; disgusting.
Salty = containing or seasoned with salt.
Picky = somebody who is overly meticulous; fussy.
Fussy = someone who gets upset easily like a baby or somebody who pays too much attention to details, personal appearance, overly fastidious.
Doggy = a dog, special a small one or suggestive of a dog.
Kitty = a small cat; a kitten.
Bunny = a rabbit, especially a young one.
Mommy = informal word for mother.
Daddy = informal word for father.
Darling = word use for a beloved person.
Honey = sweetheart, dear.
Hubby = informal word for husband.
Skinny = somebody that is very thin.
Fatty = informal word for a fat person.
Chubby = similar to fat, rounded and plump.
Leggy = somebody with long slender legs.
Chunky = someone who is short and thick; stocky.
Freaky = frightening, strange or unusual.
Creepy = repulsive, unpleasant, annoying.
Moody = temperamental; given to frequent changes in mood.
Hairy = having a lot of hair or covered with hair all over.
Furry = consisting of fur or similar to; covered with fur like substance.
Sloppy = lacking neatness or order, similar to messy.
Fancy = very luxurious.
Messy = disorganized, not neat, similar to sloppy.

Conversation Activities

1. Why do you think slang exists?
2. Are there many informal words or slang in your own language?
3. How do you think slang is learned?
4. Why are informal words sometimes easier to learn than formal ones?
5. Will new informal words be added to language in the future?